Characteristics of a crime
Most people often do not know the crime or the characteristics of a crime. However, the crime is what the law announces to be an illegal offense and enforces the individual with consequences and penalties. Mostly The crimes committed do not mean to directly give a fine or imprisoned the culprit but rather the judge can warn him or her to not repeat the criminal act again. Professor Henry M. Hart, Jr. said, “When Crime is genuine, it will result in the court and be presented before the judge who will give a chance to others not to prosecute directly the guilty and have a trial for their defense. The Administrative rules with criminal penalties in which the US governmental agencies and commissions make rules. The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) as well as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), are some example of administrative agencies. These agencies make the rules and formulate them as well as investigate the violations. They impose laws relating to a variety of crimes, which includes the security fraud, selling contaminated food products, dumping waste materials etc. Criminal law consists of four General principles.
Innocent until proven guilty:
The basic principle of the system is that an individual cannot be guilty; even though the person is charged with the offense will be considered not guilty until confirmed and proved guilty. The judge, jury, and magistrate of law must be content beyond a rational doubt that the person is found guilty and where there is the rational doubt; the person ought to be lawfully not guilty. The burden of proof: This rule applies in most criminal trials; the prosecution is to prove the guilt of the person being charged with offense i.e. the defendant. On the other hand, the defendant will only be charged with an offense, if the prosecution has proved beyond reasonable doubt. The right to remain silent: It is usually not mandatory for a person to answer the police’s questions. However, police can demand the address and the name of the person committing or being suspected of committing. Moreover, if the person rejects or hands out a false name and address, the person will be considered of committing an offense. Double jeopardy: This is one of the principles of criminal law, which states that a person cannot be held account more than once for the similar offense and crime. For the same matter, a person cannot be acquitted or charged. However, alterations to the criminal law consolidation Act 1935 states that double jeopardy has no longer effect for serious offenses such as aggravated rape, manslaughter, and murder provided certain conditions are met.