Humans have a fundamental need to be part of a group and to have as many as possible different relationships in their lives. It is like food without which people would starve. Research has proved that when people are deprived of social relationships they face many mental and physical problems. Some issues are not very obvious but the effects are very distinct and measurable over a period of time. The person deprived of social needs result in erosion of arteries which cause high blood pressure and which depletes the learning and memory process. A person with no or very few friends usually experiences loneliness because of no or very little relationships. This fact eats through the person’s emotional feelings and makes the person very sad and he/she experience a large void in their otherwise probably perfect life.
This fills them with the desire to have some social contacts. Even though feeling loneliness makes a person very sad it cannot be considered abnormal. In fact, it is a very normal feeling when a person is deprived of all social contacts to feel the pangs of loneliness. However, the feelings of “Chronic” loneliness can point to serious mental issues. Loneliness in children and the failure to get along with other children in their class or school is considered to be the major reason for children dropping out of school.
An adequate description of “loneliness” would be “the perceptive feeling of not being able to connect with others in a harmonious manner” Humans are social animals and are dependent on a protected and secure social environment to thrive and survive. Feelings of social segregation or loneliness increase a person’s vulnerabilities and perceptions of threat and also increase the yearning to reconnect to fellow humans. Implicit, excessively active perceptions of social threats change the individual’s psychological makeup and negatively influence his/her psychological functioning. The result of loneliness is the loss of sleep quality, the occurrence of both mental and physical diseases and also the decline of the person’s life period.
This leads to juvenile delinquency and other types of antisocial behavior. In adults, loneliness is the major cause of depression and alcoholism which adds to the already feelings of social isolation some of which might take many years to be evident. Loneliness can be caused by several situational factors such as young married couples who have moved to another area where they do not know anyone in their new neighborhood. If the wife is only a housewife and alone during the day she feels lonely. Despite the emotional support provided by her husband, she yearns for friends and family because his support does not fill the void caused by having any friends or social life.