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What is obesity?

The term “obesity” is an epidemic which is responsible for impacting both developing and under-developed countries. Obesity is identified as a risk factor for multiple chronic conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, certain types of cancer, stroke, heart disease, and arthritis is a common condition that affects all ages. Of these chronic conditions, diabetes is most closely linked with obesity and has proven to be a positive and significant correlation, as the prevalence of diabetes has increased, so has the prevalence of obesity increased. In the United Kingdom, there is an elevated prevalence across the lifespan comprising mainly of the younger population.

Childhood obesity

The condition of obesity in preschoolers is considered to be a severe issue because of its unfavorable effects on individual’s psychosocial & physical well-beings along with its associated risk of obesity in later adulthood, adolescences, and childhood. Hence, key determinant identification of “obesity” is critical to building up interventions in the very start. The endocrine, genetic, and fetal conditions are referred to as biological factors linked with the condition of “obesity”. Numerous other environmental factors include cultural context, healthy food choices access, parental level of education, as well as a socioeconomic status that plays a critical role as a determinant of family lifestyles and home environment.

Parents usually play an essential role in influencing the physical activity practices and eating habits of children. Current studies are beneficial to identify the family structure relevant in developing early obesity during childhood. Moreover, few of the authors mainly focus on the perspectives of the community who attempt at determining the healthy lifestyles barriers.

The increasing incidence associated with obesity in children in the United Kingdom is one of a cause of concern. In children, obesity is now known as a global epidemic. Worldwide, the current trends; are continually rising, and it has been estimated that around 60 million of individuals will either be obese or overweight by the year 2020. This obesity prevalence is one of a multidimensional phenomenon which particularly gets influenced by psychosocial factors, for instance, family factors (i.e. parenting) and socioeconomic levels. The influence of parenting on the eating habit and activity behaviors of a child is a crucial concern when the rising obesity prevalence in children at a younger age is being considered.

The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) continually has collected the data over the past four decades indicating that the overweight prevalence is rising among adolescents and school-aged children such that these 2 age groups now possess comparable rates. The severity and prevalence of childhood obesity are constantly rising as well as the pediatric weight gain has been pushed to a huge degree than ever before.

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