Disability has often been defined as a physical, mental, or psychological condition that limits a person’s activities. In the past, this was interpreted according to a medical model. That is, disability was linked to various medical conditions, and was viewed as a problem residing solely in the affected individual. Disability was seen solely as the result of an individual’s inability to function. Interventions usually included medical rehabilitation and the provision of social assistance. To earn the best grades in your Project Report-Research Papers you should choose an academic writing service that will meet your best writing needs.
If the environment is designed for the full range of human functioning and incorporates appropriate accommodations and supports, then people with functional limitations would not be “disabled” in the sense that they would be able to fully participate in society. Interventions are thus not only at the individual level (e.g., medical rehabilitation) but also at the societal level, for example, the introduction of universal design to make infrastructure more accessible, inclusive education systems, and community awareness programs to combat stigma. A person with disabilities means who, on account of injury, disease, or congenital deformity, is handicapped in undertaking any gainful profession or employment, and includes persons who are visually impaired, hearing impaired, and physically and mentally disabled.
The data about disabled persons calculated by governments in most part of the third world is not correct enough because not all special persons were included in these estimates. Activities pertaining to a wide range of deliberate actions performed by an individual, as opposed to particular body functions or structures. Activities are basic deliberate actions undertaken in order to accomplish a task, such as getting dressed or feeding oneself. Participation refers to activities that are integral to economic and social life and the social rules that accomplish that life, such as being able to attend school or hold a job.
Moreover, the ICF incorporates the social model by including information on how a person’s ability to function is affected by the environment they face. For example, a given level of impairment in the body function domain will not necessarily translate into an activity or participation limitation if the environment accommodates a person’s different functional status. Disability in the ICF arises out of Activity limitations and restrictions placed upon Participation that grows out of the interaction between Body Structure and Function limitations and an unaccommodating environment.
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